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Closed Comedones vs Fungal Acne: Understanding the Differences

Closed Comedones vs Fungal Acne
Closed Comedones vs Fungal Acne

Dermaskinsolution.com – Acne is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages. While there are many different types of acne, two of the most common forms are closed comedones and fungal acne. Both conditions can cause similar symptoms, but there are some important differences between the two. This article will explore these differences in detail and guide how to treat each type of acne effectively.

What are Closed Comedones?

Closed comedones, also known as whiteheads, are small, raised bumps that form when dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria become trapped within a hair follicle. The follicle is then closed off, which prevents the trapped material from escaping. Closed comedones are often less noticeable than other forms of acne, but they can be unsightly and embarrassing nonetheless. They are most commonly found on the face but can also appear on other parts of the body, such as the neck, chest, and back.

What is Fungal Acne?

Fungal acne, on the other hand, is a skin infection caused by the overgrowth of yeast on the skin. This yeast is usually present on the skin in small amounts, but it can become problematic if it grows excessively. Fungal acne typically appears as small, raised bumps often accompanied by itching and redness. Unlike closed comedones, fungal acne is most commonly found on areas of the body that are covered by clothing, such as the chest, back, and arms.

What Causes Closed Comedones and Fungal Acne?

Many factors can contribute to the development of closed comedones and fungal acne. For closed comedones, factors such as hormonal imbalances, genetics, and certain medications can all play a role. For fungal acne, factors such as hot and humid weather, sweating, and certain skincare products can all contribute to yeast growth on the skin.

How to Treat Closed Comedones and Fungal Acne

The treatment of closed comedones and fungal acne will vary depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. For closed comedones, gentle exfoliation and the use of topical acne medications, such as benzoyl peroxide, can be effective. In severe cases, prescription medications, such as retinoids, may be necessary.

For fungal acne, antifungal creams and topical treatments are typically the most effective forms of treatment. In severe cases, oral antifungal medications may be necessary. It is also essential to avoid using skincare products that contain ingredients that can exacerbate the growth of yeast on the skin, such as oils and heavy moisturizers.


Closed comedones and fungal acne are common forms of acne that can cause similar symptoms. However, there are essential differences between the two, including the causes and effective forms of treatment. If you are experiencing symptoms of acne, it is essential to seek the advice of a dermatologist or healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and receive the appropriate treatment. By understanding these differences, you can effectively treat your acne and achieve clear, healthy skin.